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 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
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      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
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      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B.BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D.  DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
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       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
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        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
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      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B.BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D.  DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F. BOOKS
       G. CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
      J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL 
     
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

 ENTERTAINERS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WORLD WIDE WEB IN MOTION

WINK ON SITE

LOVE AT SITE

SING WITH SITE

DANCE OVER SITE

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY Intellectual Consultants
.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
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Contact :   Dr.VSRS

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CIRCLES MENU CIRCLES

 01.FACULTYSHIPS
      ASSOCIATION
      COLLEGE
      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B.BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D.  DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F. BOOKS
       G. CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
      J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL
      
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY Intellectual Consultants
.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
RePEc  SSRN

Expert

 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES

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DR.VSR.SUBRAMANIAM.MBA.,Ph.D.,D.Litt.,
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KEY WORDS
  Development Acceleration, Economic Development, Developed, Developing,   Econometric Model, Geometric Model, Investment, Manpower,  Savings, Social development, Socio-Economic Development, Technology, Under Developed

JEL CLASSIFICATIONS
A13, B41, C51, C61, D78, F43, M21, O11    

PALMTREE
PUBLISHED IN
ALTIJARAH 

    Journal of the Sharjah Chamber of Commerce &  Industry 
    United Arab Emirates 

  2000

   Pages    Details
  April   36 to 38   Part - 1
  May   44 to 48   Part - 2
  June   43 to 44   Diagrams
  July   42 to 44   Geometry

  Animated Computer-Slide Supported Presentation is available with DR.VSRS
An Innovative Development Acceleration Model for the Millennium

  • Sharjah has a strong industrial base in United Arab Emirates (UAE), with cheap gas / water / electricity, no taxes in corporate income, state-of-the art telecom / transport facilities, ultra- modern sea / air ports, and a modern urban infrastructure.
  • ALTIJARAH , the monthly Economic Magazine of the Sharjah Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Sharjah Government. UAE.
  • ALTIJARAH is an authoritative source to report the latest economic developments in the Gulf, Arab world and at International levels, over the past 25 years. It has a wide and accredited readership all over the world. The "International Diamond Star of Quality" was awarded in recognition of the advanced standard for its professional expertise, in terms of contents, readership and world circulation.
    PALMTREE

It is less important to have unanimity than it is making the right decision and doing the right thing, even though at the outset it may seem lonesome"
By US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld on 29th August 2002. From the Middle East Economic Digest (MEED), 30th August 2002. Page 2
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How it will help a person like me  by your writing a mathematical paper like this in the internet ??? -
Kanthimathi
This is what I say in the Internet as local resources and local man-power has to be used to support the local social and economic development. Government alone cannot do it - DR.VSRS
I analysed this(Housing) loan scheme and found out that it is not actually giving either the uplifting or the comfortable living - Peter Kemoli
It has induced an indirect advantage of domestic saving potential for the medium class person, by drastically reducing the monthly deductions and  increasing the monthly disposable income -
DR.VSRS
After a careful analysis of your research findings, I have come to a firm conclusion that these concepts are important for the progress of government sub divisions like the States, Districts and Villages  Arun.S. Patel
I am happy to find that an ingenious person like you in a responsible government assignment could find an application of my concepts to the Micro State, District and Village level. You have really broadened their scope and their utility -   DR.VSRS

TECHNOLOGY
A Broad-based term used to cover the Technical & Commercial Activities, Know-how, Systems, Methods, Procedures, Processes, Services, the Accessories and Materials   

SEDBRIEF

SUMMARY OF CONCEPTS DERIVED

  • DOMESTIC INVESTMENTS THROUGH DOMESTIC SAVINGS (INDIVIDUAL / CORPORATE / GOVERNMENT, EVEN THOUGH FOREIGN TO START WITH)  (EXOGENOUS CIRCLE)
  • DOMESTIC  HUMAN POTENTIAL TO MAN THE DOMESTIC TECHNOLOGY (LATEST TECHNOLOGY MODERATED TO SUIT LOCAL ENVIRONMENTS) (ENDOGENOUS CIRCLE)
  • SYNCHRONISE EXOGENOUS AND ENDOGENOUS CIRCLES & OPTIMISE THEIR DIMENSIONS.
  • Universally Applicable to All Developed / Developing Under-Developed Nations. 

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ACCELERATION
CONCEPT SUMMARY SCHEMATIC
SEDCONS

ACCELERATE YOUR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
AN ECCENTRIC BI-CIRCULAR MODEL & SOLUTION

PART - 1 BACKGROUND TO DESIGN A MODEL
                       CONTENTS          

  NO                    HEADERS
   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
   01   ETERNAL LINKAGE 
   02     STRATEGIC APPROACH
    02A   INTANGIBLE INFRASTRUCTURE
    02B   TANGIBLE INFRASTRUCTURE
  02C  OPTIMUM INFRASTRUCTURE MIX 
   03   THE OFFSPRINGS 
   04   EFFECTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE 
   05   TECHNO COMMERCIAL SYSTEMS
   06   APPROACH TO OPTIMISATION
  ABBREVIATIONS  
  LINK DIAGRAM - 1                          Go To Part - 2
  LINK DIAGRAM - 2                           Press Release     

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Backed by my assignments with international Socio-Economic development institutions, and accredited scholarly associations, I developed a thirst to design a practical model to accelerate the pace of development of the third world nations.

The world  is  divided   into  many categories, and the prime classification is  the "Economic" bracket,  as "Developed or Developing or Under developed".In the history, we are yet to see a country in the developing and under-developed category, moving upward into a developed category.

This  stagnated condition of the world nations was correctly identified and questioned by the Nobel Laureate in Economics (1979), Sir. Arthur Lewis (1915-1991.St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA) as  "Is the dependence of  the  developing country   world growth  on that  of  the developed - world inevitable ?". Using this question, as a base, this paper is prepared and presented in two parts.

As  described  by the Nobel Laureate,  the  constraints on a break-even growth of the developing world are, their rate of population expansion,  non-homogeneity  of  their industrial infra-structure, competition  versus their economy of operation, and low demand for raw-materials among themselves.

Part-1, is  providing adequate background to develop a model towards  an "Economic Management"   guideline,   to make this linkage more eternal than inevitable.    This part comprehensively  attempts  to  identify the factors to create a  pre-condition to overcome these constraints among the developing world.

The starting strategic approach is to "strengthen" the inter- group relationship, through the development of "social infrastructure", in order to utilise their productive   capability. Then  to  "smoothen" the inter-country   differences, through appropriate  techno-commercial  upgrade,  in order to improve their linkage, and co-operative efforts.

Social  infrastructure  is   developed  through  an upgrade in tangible  "economic satisfaction",  and   intangible  "social comfortability" of individuals,  to motivate domestic savings as  well   as  to  improve  the  quality   of  domestic   human potential, which cumulatively contribute towards the national development.   The techno-commercial infrastructure upgrade is achieved through methods to promote   domestic investments and domestic technology.  Both these are maintained and monitored by the optimum infrastructure mix.

From a productive angle,  Gross National Product is an aggregate of each  national sector products,  which is   the net of their resource productivity and the productivity constraints. Techno - commercial  systems assist to  reduce the effects of these constraints, develop the technology, and optimises the resource  utilisation.  These   aspects in turn, create cost / wastage   reduction,   remove   excess  holding,  reinvestment opportunities and motivate domestic innovations and skills.

But, these  logical steps are vicious to implement. Hence, it is  necessary  to  simulate  a   mathematical model, solve and interpret the  results into implementable decisions.  Through these inferences, this paper provides a "lead" to Part-2, for designing a mathematical model and its solution.
        f
  =
  Function of          
SIGMA =  Sigma ( Summation )
        *****************************************************

01.  ETERNAL LINKAGE

" For the past 100 years, the rate of growth of output in developing world has depended on the rate of growth of the developed world. Is this linkage inevitable ? "

This was a question raised and the problems were tackled through an economic approach by Sir. Arthur Lewis (1915-1991. St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA. Nobel Laureate of 1979) who was the President of the Caribbean Development Bank, Barbados, WI, where
I had an assignment ), in his Nobel prize paper in economic science "The slowing down of the Engine of Growth", during December 1979.

The possible solutions suggested by the Noble Laureate for an independent rate of growth of the developing world are :

  • Adopt appropriate agrarian policies, cultivate better crop varieties, and introduce modern agricultural methods, so that each nation can feed themselves. But, it could workout only if the birth rate is brought below 20 per 1000.

  • Follow the customs union rate with preferential trade terms to developing world as per the "Protocol Relating to Trade Negotiations among Developing Countries (1973)". The limitations of this route are :-

  • Non-homogeneity of the developing country industrial infrastructure.

  • Role of competition between industries of economies of scale, within each developing nation.

  • Decreasing trend in the cost of transportation among the developed world, which easily attracts the commodities in developing nations in large volume, towards the developed national demand. This also drains off the essential needs of the domestic population, and deprives their legitimate consumption and satisfaction.

  • Development of inter-developing-country production and trade links. Limitation of this method is the low demand for raw and basic materials among developing nations, and high demand for the same in the developed world.

The objective of this paper is to analyse the preconditions necessary to create the surroundings in the developing world to attain a self-sustaining growth, and obviate the limitations. Through this approach, it is also expected to optimise the speed of the engine of growth among developing world, through internal socio-economic development steam generation.

02.  STRATEGIC APPROACH

A review of the current developing world situations indicate the need to adopt two distinct approaches towards Social and Economic development.

In my opinion, the approach to strengthen the social harmony and smoothen the inter-country relationships, may prove to be more strategic and feasible.

By this approach, the former could generate a congenial co-existence and the un-quantifiable Intangible social infrastructure T1. The former motivates the local entrepreneurial skills, and the latter could lead to the creation of industries of common economies of scale between groups of nations.

These groups could produce and trade, to meet their mutual self-sufficiency, and export the surplus to the developed world. In short, it could generate a pre-condition to the route of demand and supply, between the developing and the developed world, as well as decide and direct the developing national production, on an on-going basis. This constitutes the quantifiable Tangible Economic Infrastructure T2.

02A.  INTANGIBLE INFRASTRUCTURE ( T1 )
IMPACT OF INFRASTRUCTURE ON DEVELOPMENT LINK DIAGRAM - 1
The three components of the un-quantifiable or intangible infrastructure T1 are cumulatively moderated by the relative appeal to the senses of the individuals X, maintenance of their self-balance Y, and constructive interaction between them Z,  or

T1  =    SIGMA   ( X+Y+Z )

T1 in turn is related to the social comfortability of each individual. Social comfortability of an individual S is also a cumulative feelings of their satisfaction as honourable members of the society a, safety and ensured availability of the essential needs of life b, and peace c to reduce psychological tensions and fears of war and destruction. Or

S  =   SIGMA ( a + b + c )

The Intangible infrastructure is derived from the optimum infrastructure mix of a, b and c, and contributes to the individual development through the medium of Social Comfortability.
  LINK DIAGRAM - 1
This is shown in the  left half of Link Diagram -1.

02B.  TANGIBLE INFRASTRUCTURE ( T2 )
In all the developing nations, the domestic population expect a tangible infrastructure beyond the provision-capacity of their given socio-economic status. Hence, any tangible infrastructure development should aim at orienting the quantum consumption of the various commodities within a permissible limit  L, avoidance of hoarding / unsociable methods U ( to eliminate excess acquisition or consumption ), and create a productive work environment R. This is to introduce the concept of optimum output quantity and quality of goods, for a given input. The tangible infrastructure is a function of the cumulative effect of these three basic ingredients, or  

T2  =  SIGMA  ( L + U + R )

This tangible infrastructure T2 is closely related to the economic satisfaction E of each individual, namely the food, shelter, and clothing, and it is the relative influence of their current needs C, and their future needs F, with reference to the degree of satisfaction and psychological
( ego and id ) motivators, or

E  =  SIGMA  (C + F )

Both the current and future needs are a function of the tangible or quantifiable environmental infrastructure T2 or  

C  = f ( T2 ) and F  = f ( T2 )

This is shown in the right half of Link Diagram -1.

02C.  OPTIMUM INFRASTRUCTURE MIX

The Optimum infrastructure mix for a nation is hence made up of the cumulative effect of the contributory factors of both the Intangible aspect T1, and the Tangible aspect T2.

f ( T1 + T2 )  = f { [ X + Y + Z ] + [ L + U + R ] }

This is shown at the top of Link Diagram -1.

03.  THE OFF-SPRINGS

A social group G is made up of individuals. The group development and its productive contribution, is the cumulative outcome of each individual development I, or

  G = SIGMA I.

The individual development is a combination of their economic satisfaction E and their social comfortability S, among each individual members, or

I = SIGMA ( E + S ).

A set of strong and satisfied social groups with a development value G, within each nation contributes to the prosperity and the Socio-Economic development of the nation D,   or 

D   =  SIGMA G.

Co-existence, peace and prosperity P among the developing world is the cumulative effect of the socio-economic smoothness between the nations N or

P  = SIGMA N

Hence, P the Prosperity as a direct function of G, the Groups in a nation, could be related as 

P  =  SIGMA N = { 1 to n }SIGMA {1 to g }SIGMA G

where n is the number of nations and g is the number of groups.

The smallest unit in this mathematical relationship is the social group G, and it is easy to strengthen their productive efforts through appropriate Social infrastructure. The bigger unit is the nation N, and it is easy to smoothen their differences through the development of implementable techno-commercial set-up.

This is shown at the bottom of Link Diagram -1, along with their upward relationship towards infrastructure mix components.

04.  EFFECTS OF INFRASTRUCTURES

An optimum intangible infrastructure contributes effectively towards the social comfortability of the individual through the following :-

  • Surplus wealth among households leading to adequate domestic savings. The quantum of saving contributes to the social comfortability in tow-fold ways, namely through long-range domestic security, and contribution to the indigenous wealth formation.

  • Improvement in the quality of human potential to contribute more effectively to all the domestic sectors through innovation, research, development and physical work. This results in productive and moral commitments from individuals to the nation.

Similarly an optimum tangible infrastructure could strengthen the domestic resources through economic satisfaction among the local population through :

  • Adequate domestic investments from the realised domestic savings, through the intangible infrastructure. This introduces the dimension of indigenous productive investments.

  • Domestic investments leading to domestic technology suited to each nation depending upon their geographic, cultural and the living habits of the national house-holds.

Thus the first and the prime need for a broad-based socio-economic development is to strengthen the national socio-economic infrastructure.

05.  TECHNO-COMMERCIAL SYSTEMS

INFLUENCE OF TECHNO-COMMERCIAL SYSTEMA

 

 

 

LINK DIAGRAM - 2

 

 

 


Approaching the socio-economic development D from a pure productive angle, it could be considered as the apex achievement of every nation in a macro level. It is a function of the Gross National Product GNP, which represents the aggregate income generation,  or 

             D   =  f ( GNP )

The GNP in turn, is the cumulative wealth generation from various sector productivity SP, contributing towards the total productive efforts of the nation, or

GNP  =   SIGMA SP

The Sector Productivity SP, in a semi-micro level is the net effect of the following :

  • Each Resource productivity RP which is the cumulative productivity results of the four principal resources, namely the Manpower R1, Materials R2, Machineries R3, and the Finance R4. Here, the technology, which optimises the utilisation of all resources, is considered as a techno-investment. Or          

  RP  =  R1 + R2 + R3 + R4  = SIGMA Rz  where z is from 1 to 4.
  • Total constraints TC, is a cumulative effect of the Internal constraints C11 to C1n and External constraints C21 to C2m, where n is the number of Internal constraints ( 1 to n ) and m is the number of External constraints ( 1 to m ) in a nation. Or 

TC  =  SIGMA C1n  +  SIGMA C2m
  • The balanced net sector productivity is hence given by

           SP = ( RP - TC )

The common management medium to optimise the sector productivity in a micro-level, is by tuning the Techno-Commercial systems, through the following methodologies :-

  1. Prediction and minimisation of the effects of the external and internal constraints.

  2. Direct optimisation of sector productivity through appropriate production and commercial technology mix, and their periodic update.

  3. Plan, pool, monitor, control, appraise and balance the resource utility through modern management methods.

  4. Optimise each resources productivity, with upgraded quality, and minimise cost and wastage components through Operations Research techniques.

  5. Maintain the continued productive efforts by moderating the demand through a feed-back system, from the users to the producers.

The influence of techno-commercial systems on socio-economic development through sector productivity and GNP is shown in Link Diagram - 2.

The expected Management Controls on the Sector Productivity are,

  • The development and update of technological status.
  • Feasibility and justification of domestic investments for indigenous production of goods and services.

The expected Management Controls through the techno-commercial systems are,

  • Cost reduction and quality optimisation, leading to more corporate surplus for domestic investments.

  • Technology and resources optimisation techniques leading to the synchronised development of more inventive, innovative and productive human potential..

Having identified the basic ingredients to develop the intangible social infrastructure and the tangible techno-commercial status, it should be now possible to derive a methodology towards an implementable approach.

06.  APPROACH TO OPTIMISATION

The above logical steps lead towards a sequence that the social infrastructure could motivate the population towards domestic savings, and that could be utilised for domestic investments. These investments could be productively utilised by appropriate and advanced techno-commercial systems, optimally manned and managed by domestic human potential.

But these logical steps are of vicious in dimension, as these involve tangible technical aspects; and intangible social infrastructure development and human skill tuning.

Hence, it is necessary to develop a Mathematical model, Simulate the ingredients, Solve their interactive contributions, and Interpret the results into implementable decisions. This is described in Part - 2.  

C = Current needs D = Socio-Economic
      Development
E = Economic    
       Satisfaction
.
F = Future Needs   G = Social
         Groups
GNP = Gross National
              Product
 I = Individual Development L = Quantum Needs - Consumption
       Limit
N = Number of
       Nations
 P = Prosperity  R = Productive Work
        Environment
T1 = Intangible ( Unquantifiable )
          Infrastructure
T2 = Tangible ( Quantifiable )
           Infrastructure
R1 = Manpower
           Resource
  R2 = Machinery
           Resources
 R3 = Material
          Resources
R4 = Financial Resources   RP = Resource Productivity
S   = Social Comfortability   SP = Sector Productivity
U = Avoidance of Un-social  /  Excess
       Consumption
 X = Appeal to the Senses
Y = Maintenance of Self Balance   Z = Proper Inter-action
a = Feeling of Satisfaction c = Peace to reduce Psychological
       Tensions
b = Ensured availability of essential needs
      ( Food, Shelter and Clothing )

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ACCELERATE YOUR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
AN ECCENTRIC BI-CIRCULAR MODEL & SOLUTION

PRACTICAL DIRECTIONS FOR SOC-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PART - 2
MODEL DESIGN AND SOLUTION

TECHNOLOGY
A Broad-based term used to cover the Technical & Commercial Activities,
Know-how, Systems, Methods, Procedures, Processes, Services, the Accessories and Materials

SEDBRIEF

SUMMARY OF CONCEPTS DERIVED

  • DOMESTIC INVESTMENTS THROUGH DOMESTIC SAVINGS (INDIVIDUAL / CORPORATE / GOVERNMENT, EVEN THOUGH FOREIGN TO START WITH)  (EXOGENOUS CIRCLE)
  • DOMESTIC  HUMAN POTENTIAL TO MAN THE DOMESTIC TECHNOLOGY (LATEST TECHNOLOGY MODERATED TO SUIT LOCAL ENVIRONMENTS) (ENDOGENOUS CIRCLE)
  • SYNCHRONISE EXOGENOUS AND ENDOGENOUS CIRCLES & OPTIMISE THEIR DIMENSIONS.
  • Universally Applicable to All Developed / Developing Under-Developed Nations. 

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ACCELERATION
CONCEPT SUMMARY SCHEMATIC
SEDCONS

ACCELERATE YOUR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
AN ECCENTRIC BI-CIRCULAR MODEL & SOLUTION

PART -2. MODEL DESIGN AND SOLUTION

CONTENTS

  NO      CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  07 THE DESIGN LEAD
  08 THE BI-CIRCULAR MODEL 
  09 DEVELOPMENT OPTIMISATION  
  09A  SYNCHRONISATION OF CIRCLES
  09B  DEVELOPMENT UPGRADE 
  09C  DIMENSIONAL IMPROVEMENT 
  10 MODEL DIRECTIVE 
  11  MODEL AND THE WORLD
  11A  UNDER DEVELOPED / DEVELOPING NATIONS
  11B  DEVELOPED NATIONS
  12   CONCLUSION 
  GEOMETRIC MODEL
  IDEAL SYNCHRONISATION
  GEOMETRIC MODEL SOLUTION                     Press Release
  BIBLIOGRAPHY - 1    BIBLIOGRAPHY - 2     Go To Part - 1

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Backed by my assignments with   international Socio-Economic development institutions, and accredited scholarly associations,  I developed a thirst to design a practical model to accelerate   the  pace  of  development  of  the third world nations.

Part-1 provided a " lead" towards creating the pre-conditions to  solve  the  constraints   envisaged  by the Noble Laureate (1979) Professor  Arthur Lewis  (1915-1991. St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA) in his Noble prize paper in Economic Science,  towards  the  possible   de-link  of  the  growth of developing  countries  from that of the developed world.  The strategic  preconditions identified were the infrastructures, made up of  intangible  "Social Comfortability"   and tangible "Economic Satisfaction".  Smoothing  the inter-country difference  is  possible  through a "Techno-commercial" normalisation,  to  optimise  the   resource utilisation,  limiting the constraints, and balancing the Sector Productivity in a Micro level.  These  fine  tuning  is expected to promote "domestic savings"  through  group  motivation  and cost reduction, and pave way for "domestic investment" leading towards productive environments and strengthening of the "domestic technology".

These in turn promote local innovations, research and development and domestic skill optimisation. But the implementation of these  steps assumes a  vicious dimension.  Hence a mathematical modelling,  simulation of the situations and solution interpretation should be followed.

In this part-2,  the  model is   developed in the form of two intersecting circles,  one linking the domestic savings with the domestic investments, and the other linking the domestic human   potential  with  the  domestic technology. The former representing the external entrepreneurial activity is designated  as   "Exogenous",  and  the latter  involving internal productive activity is designated as "Endogenous".  A geometric   approach  is  used to  solve  these two intersecting circles,   aiming  towards  the  central  objectives, namely, integrating the Exogenous and Endogenous aspects,  upgrading the socio-economic status, and enlarging the qualitative and quantitative outputs.

The inference  derived  from the geometric solution indicate that,  the attempts to accelerate the pace of socio-economic development should be to encourage equal efforts in both the domestic   investments through domestic savings, and - utilisation of domestic skills   for the domestic technology, updating  towards  the latest world developments.  This will synchronise  the Endogenous  and Exogenous aspects of Socio- socio-economic development, at any given level.  Any attempt to upgrade the existing Endogenous aspect only or  Exogenous aspect only,  is bound to create an unfavourable disturbance in  this  synchronisation,  and  it   should  be  immediately re-synchronised. The qualitative and quantitative dimensions of the economy could be improved by  expanding the operating dimensions in the Endogenous and Exogenous aspects, in equal magnitude.

The past and current experiences of the developing and the developed world support this model solution.

This  model development and solution process has attempted to provide enough "reasoning", to the philosophy and methodology to accelerate the rate of Socio-economic development, in line with the remarks by the Greek mathematical philosopher Pytha- goras,  whose geometric concepts are used in this paper. Also this is a pioneer attempt to use the Geometrical methodology, which according to  the  English philosopher Thomas Hobbs, is the  only science to  please  the Gods to  bestow the best on mankind,  which could be  nothing  other than an  accelerated Socio-economic development. Since the total approach is based on strong foundations and practical experience guidelines, it should be applicable to the  development criteria for all the nations in the world, and establish an ever-lasting Peace and Prosperity in the new Millennium.  

*********************************************************

07.  THE DESIGN LEAD
Part-1 of this paper developed adequate background and provided a "lead" towards a design to socio-economic development optimisation model, through a mathematical approach.

This approach in a summary, started with the question raised by the Noble Laureate in Economic Science (1979), Sir Arthur.W.Lewis (1915-1991. St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA) on the existence of an inevitable linkage of the developing world growth rate, to that of the developed ones, the possible solutions and their constraints.

In order to create a pre-condition to overcome the problems existing within the developing countries, the strategic approach should be to strengthen the inter-group relationship within a nation through social infrastructure development, to utilise their productive capacity, and smoothen the inter-country differences through techno-commercial upgrade.

Social infrastructure development is a function of intangible social comfortability and the tangible economic satisfaction. Techno-commercial systems approach upgrades the technology, reduces the influence of constraints, and optimises the resource utilisation. Both these result in the development of four basic ingredients namely, the domestic savings through group motivation and cost reduction; the domestic investments through productive orientation, the domestic technology through local innovation, research / development; and domestic skills through improved productivity, modern management methods, and operations research techniques.

But, the implementation of these logical steps assume a vicious dimension. Hence, it is necessary to simulate a mathematical model, solve, and interpret the results into implementable decisions.

08.  THE BI-CIRCULAR MODEL.

In line with the lead provided in Part-1, and the recommended approach by the Noble Laureate Sir. Arthur Lewis (1915-1991. St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA. Nobel Laureate of 1979),  an econometric discussion is used in this part, to select an appropriate model. According to the Nobel Laureate, "If a sufficient number of developing countries reach self sustaining growth, then we are in a new world. It will be the growth of the developing country production that determines the developing country trade, and internal forces that will determine the rate of growth of production".
DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES APART

 

 

 DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES
 APART

 

 

 

In line with these thoughts, the intangible domestic infrastructure should be the support for domestic investments by the domestic savings. The tangible infrastructure is to develop domestic technology and synchronise the domestic skills for its optimum utilisation. These are represented by four points on space, and a circle is drawn to link domestic savings to domestic investments, and another circle is drawn to link the domestic technology with domestic skills.

The domestic technology and human potential development are intangible know-how development within a nation, and the circle connecting these are designated as Endogenous in line with their internal orientation. The domestic savings and domestic investments are tangible wealth development through surplus potential creation in a nation, and the circle connecting these are designated as Exogenous, in line with their external surplus generation orientation.

If the Exogenous and Endogenous circles stand apart, then the financial aspects of the former could not meet the know-how potential of the latter, and there could not be any productive results.

DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES TOUCHING

 



 

 DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES
 TOUCHING 

 

 


Even if they come closer and touch each other, then also there could not be interaction between the two circles, towards any productive result from the Endogenous and Exogenous aspects of the economy.
DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES CUTTING

 

 

 DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES
 CUTTING 

 



 

Hence, for any development orientation in a nation, it is assumed that the two circles should cut each other to result in two distinct points of intersection. One point of tangible inter-section is the Capital formation, representing an offspring of the domestic savings approaching to meet the needs of domestic investments. The other point of intangible inter-section is the Goods and Services output, as a result of the utilisation of the national technology by the domestic human potential.

GEOMETRIC CONSTRUCTIONS ON DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES


 

 

GEOMETRIC CONSTRUCTIONS ON CUTTING DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES
 

 

 


Selecting the line connecting the centres of Exogenous and Endogenous circles as X axis, and the line connecting their points of intersections as Y axis, to form and origin O ( 0,0 ), this graphic representation develops an Eccentric Bi-circular Socio-Economic Development Model, as shown in the Geometric Model Diagram. It is assumed that the radius of the Endogenous circle is R1, with its centre at O1( a,0 ), and the radius of the Exogenous circle is R2  with its centre at centre at      O2( b,0 ). The co-ordinates of the various points on the two circles with reference to the origin O ( 0,0 ) are :-

  • Goods, Service outputs  - A ( 0,Y01 ).    Points of intersection.
  • Capital formation           - B ( 0,Y02 ).
  • Human potential            - C ( X11,Y11 ). Endogenous
  • Technological status      - D ( X12,Y12 ).
  • Domestic investments   - E ( X21,Y21 ). Exogenous
  • Domestic savings          - F ( X22,Y22 ).

The area of the arc in the right side of the Y - Axis represents the quantum of Entrepreneurial background support provided by the Exogenous circle. The area of the arc in the left side of the Y - Axis represents the equivalent Technical Infrastructure generation by the Endogenous circle

Using this model, a geometric solution is attempted to optimise the Socio-Economic Development.

09.  DEVELOPMENT OPTIMISATION

The mathematical optimisation is carried out in a three dimensional process through : -

  A)   Perfect synchronisation of Endogenous and Endogenous
        circles.

  B)  Development upgrade from lower to higher levels.
  C)  Dimensional development through qualitative and
        quantitative  improvement.

  A geometric approach is used in the solution process.

09A.  SYNCHRONISATION OF CIRCLES

The synchronisation of Endogenous and Exogenous circle is an attempt to integrate and normalise the technical infrastructure represented by the former, with the entrepreneurial background provided by the latter.

In order to aid this solution, the lines CG, DH in the Endogenous Circle, and EI, FJ in the Exogenous Circle, are drawn parallel to the Y axis, meeting the X axis at G, H, I and J respectively. The complete geometric solution is presented in Geometric Model Solution. The interpretation of the solutions are : -
DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES WITH COMMON ORIGIN

 

 

  DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES WITH COMMON ORIGIN
 

 


 

  1. Both circles to have common centre at the origin, to represent a common and central    objective to synchronise the Endogenous and Exogenous aspects. There are two solutions for this condition.

  1. For a given socio-economic development status, the solution OC =  OD could be interpreted as the degree of development in indigenous technology should be supported by an equal development in the domestic human skill. This enforces a need for a balance between technology and skill at any point of time. It also implies that, even if started with imported technology, it should be moderated to suit local environments, and local human skills should be trained to utilise them optimally.

  2. For a given socio-economic development plan, the solution OE = OF could be interpreted as, any increase in domestic investment at a point of time should be attempted through domestic savings. This condition deterrents a nation to be foreign dependent for its socio-economic development, after a reasonable period, even if it is necessary to start with.

This also warrants the efforts of domestic corporate units and house-holds to mange their income and expense properly to generate surplus for re-investment.

 


 

 DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES
   WITH COMMON ORIGIN +
EQUAL RADII
 

 

 

  1. Both circles should have equal radii with centres on the origin, to represent  an  integrated  approach  to the Endogenous and Exogenous aspects, under  a common objective and central guidelines.

The solution GH = IJ could be interpreted as, the sum component of the techno-commercial development and its practice in a nation, should be equally supported by the sum component of domestic investments and its generation.

It implies that any plan for the generation and the utilisation of domestic capital should be towards adoption of improved technology and well-trained indigenous skills.

09B.  DEVELOPMENT UPGRADE

Once the Endogenous and Exogenous circles are synchronised within a nation, then the next attempt should be to upgrade the degree of socio-economic development. To initiate this dimension, an external Y-axis PY1 representing the Socio-Economic Development status is drawn on the left side of the circles, parallel to the axis YY' ( See Geometric Model ).
DEVELOPMENT UPGRADE (PUSH UP)

 

 

DEVELOPMENT UPGRADE  (PUSH UP)
 

 

 

 

The locus of the origin O ( 0,0 ) along the X Axis, upward or downward with reference to PY1 represents the development status of any nation on a relative scale. Movement of X axis with reference to PY1 will proportionately disturb the synchronisation pattern of Endogenous and Exogenous circles.

1.  A movement of the X - Axis upward, or  attempts to improve
     the 
 Socio-economic development status, is expected to result in
     the following.

     a) Increase in the distances DH and EI, representing a need for
       
 simultaneous and equal  upgrade in boththe domestic
         technological status and domestic  investments, respectively.

     b) Decrease in the distances CG and FJ,  indicating the occurrence
         of a gap in the domestic human skills and a reduction in domestic
         savings  respectively.

Hence, a planned strategy should be followed to create the necessary pre-conditions to synchronise the Endogenous and Exogenous disturbances as per (a) and (b), before attempting to upgrade the socio-economic development status of any nation, from any given existing level. This could be interpreted as development needs simultaneous upgrade in GNP through increased investments and improved technology, along with a strategic approach to solve the gaps in domestic savings and skills, to realise the productive returns from the investments.

LOWERING THE DEVELOPMENT (PUSH DOWN)

 

 

 

LOWERING THE DEVELOPMENT
(PUSH DOWN)

 

 

 

2. On the other hand, a movement of the X - Axis  downward, or
    lowering the status of   Socio-Economic development, is expected
    to introduce the following effects : -

c) Increasing the distance CG and FJ indicating the
    availability of
surplus  human skills and increase in
    domestic savings, respectively.

d) Decreasing the distances DH and EI representing a
    reduction in the need for advanced domestic technology
   and an   environment for decreased investment potential,
   
respectively.

These conditions are substantiated by the fact that, a decrease in the socio-economic development status leads to a reduction in the consumption of commodities and services, and lowering the purchasing power of the local currency. These lead to a corresponding reduction in the productive activity in the economy, and result in surplus labour and under or un-utilisation of technology. As a consequence of these, needed goods / services will become scarce, reducing the opportunities for spending and investments. This is a situation in which the domestic savings will exceed the domestic investments.

09C.  DIMENSIONAL IMPROVEMENT

Besides a vertical socio-economic development shift, it should also be possible for a nation to moderate the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the economy along an external X axis PX1, drawn parallel to the axis XX' ( See Geometric Model ).

The dimensional improvement is measured on a 10 point scale, marked on either side, with zero aligned to the origin O of the Endogenous and Exogenous circles.
QUALITATIVE UPGRADE OF CIRCLES

 

 

 QUALITATIVE IMPROVEMENT IN DEVELOPEMNT

 

 

 

1. The qualitative improvement is exhibited by increasing  the
    diameter R1 of the Endogenous circle   with reference  to the axis
    PX1, and the inferences are as follows : -

a) The degree of synchronisation of techno-commercial
    systems and domestic human potential is given by the
    diameter of the circle and hence by the distance CD,
    which is OC + OD, when it passes through the centre of
    the circle O1.

b) Qualitative disbursement of the utilisable human skill is
    given by the distance  OG.

c) Qualitative capability of the domestic technology is given
    by the distance OH.


When the qualitative aspect is optimum through the synchronisation of the circles, then , OC = OD  and OG = OH.

It implies that the qualitative potentials of both the domestic skills and domestic technology should be simultaneously synchronised, when the diameter CD of the Endogenous circle is increased. Hence, any upgrade in technology, should be equally linked to the human potential infrastructure development.
QUANTITATIVE UPGRADE OF CIRCLES

 

 

 QUANTITATIVE IMPROVEMENT IN DEVELOPEMNT

 

 


2. The quantitative improvement dimension is represented  by
    increasing the
diameter R2 of he Exogenous circle with  reference
    to the axis PX1, the  inferences are as follows.

     d) The degree of synchronisation of domestic investment with
         domestic savings is
given by the diameter of the circle, and hence
         by the distance EF, when it passes  through the centre of the circle
         O2.

     e) Quantitative disbursement pattern of domestic investment is given
          by the distance OI.

     f) Quantitative generation potential of domestic savings is given by
         the distance OH


       When the quantitative aspect is optimum through  synchronisation
        of the circles,  then OE = OF    and    OI = OH.

It implies that the quantitative potential of both the domestic investments and savings should be synchronised to the diameter EF of the Exogenous circle, when the diameter R2 is increased. Hence, any increase in domestic investments, should be planned and linked to the quantitative availability from the domestic resources.

The qualitative and quantitative capability of any status of socio-economic development could be improved by increasing the diameters of Endogenous and Exogenous circles respectively. But the attempts for such increase will disturb the synchronisation of the circles as described above. Proper co-ordination between the improvement and synchronisation could lead the development towards more successful and rewarding end-results.

10.  MODEL DIRECTIVES.

To reach a status that the internal forces among lesser developed nations will determine their own rate of growth, Sir Arthur Lewis  (1915-1991. St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA. Nobel Laureate of 1979) in his Nobel prize paper said that "For those who talk the language of centre and periphery, this means that, a number of countries leave the periphery and join the centre. Or, if they are specially linked to each other by preferential trade and currency arrangement, one may even speak of creation of a new centre, consisting of former peripheral nations that have built a new engine of growth together".

The eccentric bi-circular model developed and solved in this paper, is an approach to move the centre of the socio-economic development of nations upward, with the synchronisation of its peripheral components, on the qualitative and quantitative axes of the wheels of engines of growth.

Either internally or with foreign assistance to start with, every nation should attempt within a possibly minimum period, towards domestic investment supported by domestic savings. This is an Exogenous factor. The methodology to generate such internal surplus is the development of indigenous technology to suit the domestic environments, its productive utilisation and updating through domestic skills. This is an Endogenous factor. There should be equal efforts towards internal investments as well as the technology utilisation, as productive results are possible only when they intersect and co-ordinate together. The Endogenous and Exogenous environment synchronisation could lead a nation towards optimum socio-economic development orientation.
IDEAL SYNCHRONISATION OF DEVELOPMENT CIRCLES

 

 

  IDEAL   SYNCHRONISATION OF  DEVELOPMENT
  CIRCLES

 


 

The synchronised national environment should be upgraded to lift the economy towards medium and full development form under and developing status. This shift will disturb the achieved synchronisation between the Endogenous and Exogenous aspects of the economy. Then the immediate attempt should be made to re-stabilise the degree of synchronisation, and renew the efforts for upgrade.

In a parallel process, the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the economy should be improved by expanding the operating diameters of the Endogenous and Exogenous environments respectively. It implies that investments through indigenous sources should be expanded in equal dimension with technological advancement, utilising the domestic skills.

The socio-economic superiority of the developed nations are due to the application of the directives generated by this geometric model. Non-attempt towards these directives explain the socio-economic stagnation, deterioration, and increased dependence of under developed and developing nations on assistances from the developed world.

The ideal situation in a Concentric Solution shown in  the Geometric Model above .

11.  MODEL AND THE WORLD

The applicability of this Model directives could be evaluated from the situations in both in the Under-developed / Developing and the Developed nations.

11A.  UNDER-DEVELOPED / DEVELOPING NATIONS

  • Many nations believe that their technological standards should be rapidly up-graded by borrowed funds from the developed nations or institutions. A good example is in the area of Computerisation and Atomic Power Plants, without adequate domestic human skills as well as infrastructure to support their continued productive utility. As a result, the funding nations / institutions incorporate a condition that all the equipments should be bought from them, and their Experts should be employed ( at their rate of pay, which imposes unbearable overheads on the borrowing nation) to implement these techno-commercial upgrades. This is against this Model directive that, even though one starts with a reasonable foreign investment, progressively the investment generation should be localised, as well as the local skills should be tuned to man the same. As a result, there are three implications on the under-developed / developing nations.

  1. They do not get the benefit of this modernisation, as the local population is not  moderated to continue and get the productive values of these investments.

  2. They face problems of the waste-disposal, pollution, environment degradation, shortage of maintenance-know-how and unavailability of spares.

  3. The fund provided by the source nation or set-up is already re-absorbed by them through the sale of equipments and consultancy charges. Inspite of these, the poor nation is a debtor to the funded source, for the total funded amount.

  • In all under-developed and developing nations, it is a common scene to have a policy to develop their human skills rapidly through institutional advancement, leading to high investment in the Institute of Technologies / Management, without adequate development in domestic technology to absorb the skills emerging out of these institutions. This results in the immigration of these trained / skilled professionals towards the developed nations. This supports the violation of this Model relationship between the Technology and Human development. The result is that, the developed nations benefit and absorb the under-developed / developing human-skills, upgraded at the cost of the poor nations.

  • Some leading nations possess Atomic Bombs and Satellite Technology, leaving a majority of their population to suffer below the Poverty line. This confirms the violation of this Model directives to synchronise the domestic technological developments in line with the available human skills, to provide their prime needs (food, clothing and shelter) at first , and moderate the upgrade in steps. Also these non-productive / hi-tech investments are from borrowed capital, and as a result, the country has only expanded their international debts.

  • These nations, having become a debtor to the developed nations and the international funding institutions, because of the violation of this Model directive, target to clear their balance of payments by accelerated export. This results in exporting basic needs (food, shelter and clothing), and scarce raw materials, to the developed nations. This deprives legitimate requirements of the national infrastructure and the domestic population, and the cost of living escalates beyond the reach of the common man.

Even those commodities produced and exported by these nations, through accelerated technological advancement, against this Model directives, are rejected in the international market due to their poor quality and tough international competition from other nations.

  • The deteriorating buying-power of the domestic currency, and their low-ranking exchange rate in the international market of these nations, are direct implications of the violation of this Model directives.

  • Some nations over-promote unproductive talents (Entertainment, Sports, Beauty / Fashion shows etc...), and develop the local skills in these area, with a vicious publicity and large domestic investments. This is an uni-lateral development of Exogenous component. These do not produce any output services or goods related to the Endogenous aspect, and do not develop productive human potential and the associated domestic technology towards national and international trade. This is not in line with the Model directives. As a result, these unproductive and much publicised personnel get into power, without any socio-economic development background or talents, and destroy the nation.

11B.  DEVELOPED NATIONS 

  • The largest developed nation, believing in the principle of indigenous techno-commercial upgrade by considering the human-potential as a commodity, at the disposal of the State (Centralised Government), scattered into pieces and disintegrated into small nations. Now they have to re-start their social and economic development from scratch. Also similar nations have to break their walls to join with a support nation, in order to re-integrate their socio-economic development in a proper way. This supports the fact that, the technological advancement and human potential are two equally responsible wings of development. These nations are now orienting their policies towards this Model directives.

  • Some developed nations, which followed the principles of this Model, developed their local technologies from tested and successful precedence in the world, with their local human potential, innovation and inventions. In a phased manner, they developed a base to bring-in domestic investments from domestic sources. Now they are world leaders to provide the best quality and least cost products, and their currency value in the inter-national market is growing stronger.

  • A nation which ruled the whole world, by bringing their investments in foreign lands, utilising the imported skills, and at the same time suppressing the development of the local human skills, have to leave these alien lands, by forfeiting all the techno-commercial infra-structure created by them. This supports the inferences of this Model that domestic source, investment, technology, human potential are the only criteria to survive and progress.

  • Developed nations, intuitively knowing the directives of this Model, orient their policies in the following ways.

  1. Attract human skills needed by them from under-developed / developing nations, through an open-immigration policy, offer domestic citizenship and naturalise / orient them to merge into their technological infrastructure.

  2. Close all visa channels to foreigners, and strictly control the entry, where there is adequate domestic human potential.

  3. Modernise, Cross-integrate and link their agricultural and industrial infrastructure, so that the quality is significantly improved, cost is drastically reduced, and the surplus from each sector support the domestic investment needs of the other.

12.  CONCLUSION

Pythagoras, the Greek philosopher and mathematician, who lived between 582 and 500 B.C, in his "Diogenes Laertius" said that "The soul of man is divided into three parts, as Intelligence, Reason and Passion. Intelligence and passion are possessed by other animals, but Reason by man alone..... Reason is immortal, all else is mortal." Using his geometric foundations, this paper has attempted to provide enough "reason" for the philosophy and methodology to upgrade the status, and create a self-sufficient existence for the developing world.

Thomas Hobbs, the English philosopher, who lived between 1558 and 1679 A.D said in his "Leviathan" that "Geometry which is the only science that it hath pleased God to bestow on the mankind". This bi-circular model and its geometric solution is expected to please the Godly aspects of socio-economic development, and bestow its immortal-scientific effects on the mankind of the world.

This should be the Model guideline for all nations in the New Millennium 2000. 
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GEOMETRIC FORMATION / CONSTRUCTION & SOLUTION
(SEE DIAGRAM ABOVE)

A.  POSITION.

The X-axis XX' is selected to pass through the centres of the two circles, and the Y-axis YY' through their points of intersection. With reference to these axes, the centre of Exogenous circle O1 is  at   ( a,0 ), with radius R1. The centre of Endogenous circle O2 is at ( b,0 ), with radius R2. Their points of inter-section are A (0,Y01), and B (O,Y02). The origin is
O ( 0,0 ).

B1.   ENDOGENOUS CIRCLE.      
  { Note  **2  Means Square }

Points C ( X11,Y11 ) and D ( X12,Y12 ) are on Endogenous circle, with centre ( a,0 ) and radius R1. By using the theorem of squares by Pythagoras,

( X11 + a ) **2 + ( Y11 ) **2  =  ( R1 ) **2     Or

( X11 ) **2 + ( a ) **2 + 2X11a + ( Y11 )** 2  =  ( R1 )** 2 ----( 01 )

( X12 - a )** 2 + ( Y12 )** 2 ( R1 )** 2   Or

( X12 )** 2 + ( a )** 2 - 2X12a + ( Y12 )** 2  =  ( R1 )** 2 -----( 02 )

Subtracting ( 02 ) from ( 01 )

[ ( X11 )** 2 - ( X12 )** 2 ] - 2 a ( X12 - X11 ) + [ ( Y11 ) **2 -
( Y12 )
** 2 ]     =  0 Or

2 a ( X12 - X11 )  =  [ ( X11 )** 2 - ( X12 )** 2 ] + [ ( Y11 )** 2 -
( Y12 )
** 2 ]    Or

a  =  [ ( X11 )** 2 - ( X12 )** 2 ] + [ ( Y11 )** 2 - ( Y12 )** 2 ] /
        2 ( X12 - X11 ) ----------------(
03 )

B2.  EXOGENOUS CIRCLE.              
{ Note  **2  Means Square }

Points E ( X21,Y21 ) and F ( X22,Y22 ) are on Exogenous circle, with centre ( b,0 ) and radius R2. By using the theorem of squares by Pythagoras,

( X21 - b )** 2 + ( X22 )** 2  =   ( R2 )** 2   Or

( X21 )** 2 + ( b )** 2 - 2X21b + ( Y21 )** 2  =  ( R2 )** 2 ------( 04 )

( X22 + b )** 2 + ( Y22 )** 2 = ( R2 )** 2

( X22 )** 2 + ( b )** 2 + 2X22 b + ( Y22 )** 2  =  ( R2 )** 2-----( 05 )

Subtracting ( 05 ) from ( 04 )

[ ( X21 )** 2 - ( X22 )** 2 ] - 2 b ( X21 - X22 ) + [ ( Y21 )** 2 -
( Y22 )
** 2 ]    =  0 Or

2 b ( X21 - X22 )  =  [ ( X21 )** 2 - ( X22 )** 2 ] + [ ( Y21 )** 2 -
( Y22 )
** 2 ]   Or

b = [ ( X21 )** 2 - ( X22 )** 2 ] + [ ( Y21 )** 2 - ( Y22 )** 2 ] / 2
( X21 - X22 ) ----------------(
06 )

B3. CONSTRUCTION

Draw CG, DH, EI and FJ parallel to Y Axis, meeting X Axis at G, H, I, and J respectively.

Then OG = X11, OH = X12, OI = X21, OJ = X22, CG = Y11,
DH = Y12
, EI = Y21 and FJ = Y22.

C. CONDITION # 1. ORIGIN TO BE THE COMMON
     CENTRE FOR BOTH CIRCLES.
   { Note  **2  Means Square }

If the Endogenous circle should have origin O ( 0,0 ) as its centre, then the value  a  should become zero. Hence from
( 03 ) above,

[ ( X11 )**2 - ( X12 )**2 ] + [ ( Y11 )**2 - ( Y12 )**2 ]  / 
2 (
X12 - X11 )  =  0   Or

( X11 )**2 - ( X12 )**2 + ( Y11 )**2 - ( Y12 )**2  =  0 Or

( X11 )**2 + ( Y11 )**2 = ( X12 )**2 + ( Y12 )**2

Substituting the values of X and Y Co-ordinates from the Construction, we get

( OG )**2 + ( CG )**2 = ( OH )**2 + ( DH )**2   Or   ( OC )**2  = 
(
OD )**2

Or   OC  =  OD -----------( 11 )

If the Exogenous circle should have origin O ( 0,0 ) as its centre, , then the value  b  should become zero. Hence from
( 06 ) above,

[ ( X21 )**2 - ( X22 )**2 ] + [ ( Y21 ) **2 - ( Y22 )**2 ]  /  2 ( X21 - X22 )  =  0     Or

( X21 )**2 - ( X22 )**2 + ( Y21 )**2 - ( Y22 )**2  =  0  Or

( X21 )**2 + ( Y21 )**2 = ( X22 )**2 + ( Y22 )**2

Substituting the values of X and Y Co-ordinates from the Construction, we get

( OI )**2 + ( EI )**2 = ( OJ )**2 + ( FJ )**2     Or   ( OE )**2  = 
(
OF )**2

Or   OE  =   OF ---------( 12 )

INFERENCE - 1 : If both circles should have origin as their centre, then any two points on both circles should be equally distributed with reference to the junction of the lines connecting their centres and their points of inter-section.

D. CONDITION # 2. BOTH CIRCLES TO HAVE
     EQUAL RADII WITH COMMON   ORIGIN.
    { Note  **2  Means Square }

If both circle should have equal radii then the condition is
a
= b
. Substituting the values of a and b from ( 03 ) and ( 06 ) respectively,

[ ( X11 )**2 - ( X12 )**2 ] + [ ( Y11 )**2 - ( Y12 )**2 ]  / 
2 ( X12 - X11 )   =

[ ( X21 )**2 - ( X22 )**2 ] + [ ( Y21 )**2 - ( Y22 )**2 ]  / 
2 ( X21 - X22 )

Multiplying both sides by 2, and Substituting the values of X and Y Co-ordinates from the Construction, we get

[ ( OG )**2 - ( OH )**2 ] + [ ( CG )**2 - ( DH )**2 ]  / ( OH - OG ) =

[ (OI )**2 - ( OJ )**2 ] + [ ( EI )**2 + ( FJ )**2 ]  /  ( O I - OJ )   Or

[ ( OG )**2 + ( CG )**2 ] - [ ( OH )**2 + ( DH )**2 ] / ( OH - OG ) =

[ ( OI )**2 + ( EI )**2 ] - [ ( OJ )**2 + ( FJ )**2 ]  /  ( O I - OJ )

Applying the concept of direction,

  • OH and OG are measured in opposite direction with reference to O.
  • Hence ( OH - OG ) is      equal  to ( OH + OG ) or GH.
  • OI and OJ are measured in opposite direction with reference to O
  • Hence ( OI - OJ ) is equal to  (OI + OJ )   or IJ.
  • Hence, (OC**2 - OD**2 )  /  GH =
    (OE **2- OF**2 )  /  I J
  • OC and OD are measured in opposite direction with reference to O.  
  • Hence  ( OC **2- OD**2 ) is equal to
    ( OC **2 + OD** 2 ).
  • OE and OF are measured in opposite direction with reference to O.  
  • Hence   ( OE**2 - OF**2 ) is equal to
    ( OE**2 + OF**2 ).

If both circles to have a common centre as per ( 11 ) and
( 12 ) above, then O1 and O2 coincide with O.

Then OC = R1, OD = R1, the Radius of the Endogenous Circle, and OE = R2OF = R2, the Radius of the Exogenous Circle. Hence,

[ ( R1 )**2 + ( R1 )**2 ) ]  /  GH = [ ( R2 )**2 + ( R2 )**2 ) / IJ

If both circles should have the same radius, then
R1
   =  R2R, where R is their common Radius. Hence,

2 ( R )**2 / GH  =  2 ( R )**2 / IJ    Or   GH  =  IJ

INFERENCE - 2 : If both circles should have equal radii and common centres, then the sum length of the components of any two points on both the circles, along the line joining their centres should be equal.

**************************************

BIBLIOGRAPHY - 1

Nobel Laureate in Economic Science Sir. W.Arthur Lewis (1915-1991) Nobel Laureate of 1979 in Economic Science
St.Lucia/UK. Princeton University, Newjersey, USA.
Emeritus Professor, Department of Economics,
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, New Jersey. USA.
Former President of the Caribbean Development Bank
( World Bank / UNDP Set-up ). Barbados, West Indies.

Selected Economic Writings of Sir.W.Arthur Lewis. 
Editor : Mark.Gersovitz. 1983

  1. The Slowing Down of the Engine of growth
    (The Nobel Prize Lecture in Economic Science, Stockholm, Sweden, 1979).
    Pages 283-292.

  2. Development and Distribution.            Pages 443-456.
  3. Thoughts on Land Settlement.             Pages 563-571.
  4. A Review of Economic Development.  Pages 653-668. (Richard.T.Ely Lecture)
  5. The Shifting Fortunes of Agriculture.   Pages 615- 622.

BIBLIOGRAPHY - 2 
{ Author's Other Similar Research Publications }

  1. A Redefined  Productivity  Model &  Socio-Economic Development  Oriented  Management  Decisions.   

    • ALTIJARAH, Monthly Economic Magazine of the Sharjah Chamber of Commerce & Industry. UAE.
      May    2001 - Pages 26 to 28, September 2001 - Pages 20 to 23, March 2002 - Pages 32 to 35.
       

    •  REPRODUCED WITH PEMISSION IN
      The ICFAI Journal of Managerial Economics
      The ICFAI University, Hyderabad, India.August 2004, Pages - 25 to 41.
       

  2. Corporate Infrastructure for 5th Generation Computers.
    INDIAN MANAGEMENT, Journal of the All India Management Association,. June 1985. Pages 19 to 28.

  3. Mrs. Gandhi Gave New Economic Approaches. Barbados Advocate
    (Daily News Paper), Barbados, West Indies. January 8, 1985. Page 4 - Centre Page Article.

  4. Other Past Publication References
    { In various Indian and International Journals }
     Economic Science & Management - 10.      
     Manpower Management                 -   8.
     Materials Management                   -  3.
     Productivity                                      -   2.
    Resource Optimisation                    -    8.
    Research & Development               -    4.
    Training Management                     -    2.
     

    PRACTICAL DIRECTIONS FOR SOC-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTVIEWERSSEDSLIDE
      THIS-BOOK

 GO TO :
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SED RECIPE                -  CHARKARAIVALLI(P) PAYASAM

Press Release
Accelerate Your Socio-Economic Development  An Eccentric Bi-circular Model and Solution.
Author   Dr.VSR.Subramaniam.MBA.,Ph.D.,D.Litt.,
URL : www.drvsrs.com/concepts.htm

************************************

01. Current theories and models in Development Economics
     deal the 4 core variables namely Investment, Savings,
     Manpower (Labour) and Technology as separate entities,
     and offer solutions accordingly.

02. This paper innovatively links all these 4 variables into
      one Geometric Model, solves and offers noteworthy
      inferences of practical value and development utility, for
      all nations in the world, irrespective of their level of
      development.

03. The Domestic Manpower and Domestic Technology
      (the tool for productive contribution by the Manpower),
      are linked diagonally in an "Endogenous" circle.

04. The Domestic Investment and Domestic Savings (the
      source for Investment) are are linked diagonally in an
      "Exogenous" circle.

05. These 2 circles are eccentrically cross integrated with
      reference to the Socio-Economic Development goal
     Axes.

06. Step by step constructions and geometric solutions, offer
     clear-cut methodologies and directions towards :-
     A) Under-developed and Developing nations to create the
          recommended infrastructure, and accelerate their pace
          of Socio-Economic development.

     B) Developed nations to maintain the recommended
          infrastructure to sustain their achieved development
          status, and progress further in Socio-Economic
          Development.

07.
The solutions provided by the Geometric Model is also
      represented by a Schematic Diagram, to enable the
      understanding of all persons at different levels of

      knowledge.

08. The Geometric theory is well supported by the Slide
      show and development experiences of over 44 nations in
      the world (in the Field support page).

09. This paper was published by the author in ALTIJARAH,
      an accredited monthly journal of the Sharjah Chamber of

      Commerce & Industry, Government of Sharjah, UAE.
      (April to July 2000 issues, in a serial).
10. This research paper is considered as a valuable
      contributor to  the International Development.

  •  Research Papers in Economics (RePEc)
    Viewable at
    http://ideas.repec.org/e/psu50.html.

  • Social Science Research Network (SSRN), Rochester,
     NY 14618, USA.
    Viewable at
    http://www.ssrn.com/author=360079.

11. The Author has adequate practical experiences in the
      development and implementation of his model through
      his  past assignments in International Socio-Economic

      development institutions as well as Private corporate
      units and Multi-nationals, Association with Nobel
      Laureates in Economic Science / Country Heads, Past
      Research & Development works / Publications, Faculty-
      ships in Training and Development of Manpower etc...

12. This paper deserves to be seen and understood by the
      Government heads, Professors / Researchers in
      Economic Science, Universities / Economic Education
      institutions etc... all over the world.

13. The Page "www.drvsrs.com/concepts.htm" provides
      hyper-links to the Full Publication, Summary Page,
     About the Author, Past Publications, Faculty-ships etc...

* * * * *
  THEME PICTURE & QUOTATION - SED FULL 
 
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  06. Tower & Statue 

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We Must Not let our Past, However Glorious, Get in the Way of Our Future.
Charles Handy ( 1932. Dublin, Ireland ).
London Economist, Management Educator and Writer.
  THIS-BOOK

KADAYAM KASTHURI KALYANI (KKK-2)
DEVLOPMENT DOCTRINES OF MY (LATE) MOTHER
Daughter of an Accredited and Highly Honoured Rural Judge.
****************

  • Reduce your Financial dependence on others and attempt to improve your own possessions and surplus. Live within your limits and expand progressively.

  • Improve your own know-how and utilise your own efforts to achieve any Constructive and Productive goal, however difficult they may be.

  • Integrate and optimally utilise your know-how to improve your Economic and Financial status, as a by-product.

  • Unless you could perform, you cannot dictate others to perform.

  • Motivate Yourself to be happy and enjoy with what you have.

  • Do not worry about what you do not have.

  • Do not envy about what others have and you do not have.

  • Learning and knowledge gaining is an on-going process without any time and age limits.

This Research Paper is a Geometric Juxtaposition of the Endogenous and Exogenous aspects of these Basic Development Doctrines,  their Integrated Application Ingenuity &  Development Acceleration Agility.       (See   Family Tree)

"Secretes of the Universe"  Collections from Yajur Vedham  ( Basic Hindu Scripture of  3500 B.C )
From the Personal Diary of my Father (Late) Gopalasamudram.S.Viswanathan.
MY FATHER - AN INNOVATIVE AGRICULTURIST &
INGENIOUS ASTRONOMER

Note : Object refers to any animate or inanimate matter floating in the universe, as well as the contents inside each such floating matter  

  1. Infinite Knowledge, to use the Potential Powers in the  Nature, is spread across the Universe, in an Un-recognisable Format.

  2. This Knowledge pervades and penetrates all the Animate and Inanimate objects in the Universal Space, bound by the common Ether medium.

UNIVERSAL TECHNOLOGY
  1. Concentrated, Sharpened, Tenacious and Unilateral orientation of the
    Electro-magnetic power inside each Object in the universe, Unfolds this
    Knowledge, and that Object is Manifested with the Power to put them into Use
    .

(YOGA) TECHNOLOGY
ABSORPTION
  1. The Unfolded knowledge should be Understood, Analysed and Convered to suit the Individual, Local and Practical needs.

TECHNOLOGY
CONVERSION
  1. All the Animate and Inanimate Objects in the Universe should be Divided,
    Oriented and Allotted to Perform a Specific Knowledge based work, for
    Optimum Performance and Results.

JOB ORIENTED DIVISION
  1. The Performance of any Animate or Inanimate Object in the Universe, should Result in Surplus for the Furtherance of the Knowledge.
    { This is a duty of the Object towards the Universe, in which it is a part, for having manifested  that  knowledge }.

SAVINGS & SURPLUS
  1. The Generated Surplus and the gained knowledge should be utilised for
    Continued Upgrading of that Knowledge. { This is a feed back from the manifested  object , towards the Universe, in which it is a part. The cosmic effect of this feed back motivates the Universe to update this specific knowledge,  and  transcendentally generate a new related knowledge  }

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CONFERENCE
Management of Essential Needs
Arrangement for Crucial Feeds
Betterment of National Means

VSRS&LEWIS

  39. CREATIVE CONFERENCE                   
 1. OSWALD YHAP - Manager, Caribbean Basin Water management    (CDB) 2. DR.VSRS  3. ARTHUR LEWIS - Nobel Laureate in Economic Science 1979
. In Welches Gardens, St.Michael, Barbados.  West  Indies,  on Saturday the April 20, 1985  

40. ACCREDITED ASSOCIATION
DR.VSRS WITH ARTHUR LEWIS
Nobel Laureate in Economic Science 1979
In the University of West Indies. Barbados Campus

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