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Research & Development
Socio-Economic Development Acceleration
in this world have certain ambitions and wishes. Some get them by their
active efforts. But some get them unexpected, and is it luck ? No. It is
an advance achievement of the expected. Any thing which one wishes
and gets it cannot be considered as a luck. The real
definition of luck is :-
Getting some thing which one never aimed for !! What is got suits the persons aptitudes, tastes,
personal welfare and brings happiness.
lucky matter lasts long enough to induct the feeling of continued personal welfare and happiness.
But any thing comes into ones life through luck, a possession received
without any self contribution, effort or exertion, normally creates ill
wishers, enemies and environments against the positive utility of what is
Equally some get a bad luck, the reverse of good luck.
But luck has blessed with all good thing for only some in the world. It
was their wheel of luck !!
a) Luck with factors that are haphazardly brought on,
like accidents and epidemics are called Circumstantial
b) Luck with factors that cannot be changed like
place of birth and genetic constitution, parents ETC... are called Constitutional luck.
c) Luck with factors one does not know about, are
called Ignorance luck
Victoria. (24th May 1819 to 22nd January 1901) was the Queen of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20th June 1837, and the first
Empress of India from 1st May 1876, until her death on 22nd January 1901.
Her reign lasted 63 years, 7 months and 2 days, longer than that of any
other British monarch in the history. In general, the period centered on
her reign is known as the Victorian era. She lived a royal life
from birth to death, with the full enjoyment and comfort, and left
her throne to her son !!!
got it by
constitutional luck , even though the path of her legal heir to posses such a great
by the random changes in the ruling pedigree !!! The Victorian era was at
the height of the Industrial Revolution (Innovation and mechanisation in
Cotton spinning, Steam power and Processing Iron from ore). It was a
period of significant social, economic, and technological progress in the
United Kingdom. Victoria's reign was marked by a great expansion of the
British Empire. During this period it reached its zenith, becoming the
foremost Global Power of the time. Victoria was the
Granddaughter of King George III, a German
descent. Daughter of Prince
Edward Duke of
Kent, a son of King George III. Born on May 24, 1819, and named as Georgiana Charlotte Augusta Alexandrina Victoria.
was insane and died of pneumonia eight months after she was born. (Grandfather, King George III, died
in six days).
eldest brother George served as the country's Regent (Acting ruler).
Prince Regent had just 1 legally royal child, the Princess Charlotte of Wales.
After Charlotte's death in 1817, people began to
worry about the royal succession. Although the king had 12 living children, none of the offspring were legally eligible
to inherit the throne.
Her uncle, the Prince of Wales, inherited the Crown,
becoming King George IV but he too died childless, when Victoria was only 11 years old. The crown now passed to his brother, the Duke of Clarence and St Andrews, who became King William IV.
Although William was the father of 10 illegitimate
of them died.
As a result, the young Princess Victoria became the
heiress presumptive (reasonably justifiable heir).
law at the time made no special provision for a child monarch. Therefore, a Regent needed to be appointed if Victoria of 12 years were to succeed to the throne, before reaching the age of 18.
passed the Regency Act 1830, under which it provided that Victoria's mother, the Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, would act as Regent during the queen's minority.
On 20th June 1837, at the age
of 18, Victoria was crowned as the Queen. Kohinoor Diamond was re-cut for Queen Victoria in 1852, and fixed on her crown.
105.602 Carats, 21.61 Grams, Approximate value
£ 11,000 Million British Pounds OR $ 16,863 Million US
1,90,435 Crores (Indian Rupees).
On 22 September 1896, Victoria became the longest
reigning monarch in English, Scottish, and British history. The Queen requested all special public celebrations of the event to be delayed until 1897, to coincide with her Diamond Jubilee (60 Years in power).
There were 4 attempts of assassination (1849, 1850, 1872
and 1882) on her. Luckily
she was not only hurt, but the attempters were caught and punished severely by her.
She had 9 children and died at the age of 81 on 22nd
January 901. She was succeeded by her legal son Edward VII.
:Similar Ruling luck bewilders in India were the Prime Ministers
(PM) Indira Gandhi
(1917-1984. 3rd and 6th PM)
and Deve Gowda (1933.
12th PM for roughly 11 months).
were selected as a lucky "compromise candidate", by the parliamentary
members, as they did not like to have any other person among themselves to
be a PM. This luck reversed and fired back on both of
them - Indira Gandhi was shot dead by her own body guards in 1984. The
parliamentary members who crowned Deve Gowda as a PM, themselves
joined the voting for his removal after 11 months. As a result he lost his
3 years term (out of 5 years), as the 14th Chief minister of the
Karnata state, which he resigned by the lucky and risky PM offer in 1996..
"One, sometimes finds what one is
not looking for."
Also it turns out to be a lucky
find. This is what happened in the life of Alexander Fleming, the
1945 Nobel Laureate in Medicine. Alexander Fleming was born in a remote,
rural part of Scotland. The seventh of eight siblings and half-siblings,
his family worked in an 800-acre farm a mile from the nearest house. The
Fleming children spent much of their of time ranging through the streams,
valleys, and moors (mass covered greenish soil) of the countryside. "We
unconsciously learned a great deal from nature," said Fleming.
Subsequently, he pursued in medical studies. Back in St. Mary's lab in the
1920s, Fleming searched for an effective antiseptic. He discovered
lysozyme (A hereditary enzyme occurring in many body fluids, such as
tears. It helps the white blood cells to engulf and kill a a broad
spectrum bacteria). It had a natural antibacterial effect, but not against
the strongest infectious agents. He kept looking for a strong antiseptic.
Fleming had so much going on in his lab that it was often in a jumble.
This disorder proved very fortunate. In 1928 he was straightening up a
pile of Petri dishes, in which he was growing bacteria, were piled
in the sink. He opened each one and examined it before dipping it into the
cleaning solution. One dish made him stop and say, "
That's funny." Some mold (fungus) was growing on one of the dishes -- not
too unusual -- but all around the mold, the staph bacteria had been killed
-- a very
unusual scene. (Staph
is the shortened name for
pronounced as "staf-uh-low-kah-kus",
is a type of bacteria. These bacteria can live harmlessly on many skin
surfaces, especially around the nose, mouth, genitals, and anus. But when
the skin is punctured or broken for any reason, staph bacteria can enter
the wound and cause an infection). He took a sample of the mold. He
found that it was from the penicillium family, later specified as
penicillium notatum. Fleming presented his findings in 1929, but
little interest in
exploring further. Because, it was a Circumstantial
luck . He published
a report on penicillin and its potential uses in the British Journal of
Experimental Pathology. Fleming worked with the mold for some time, but
refining and growing it was a
suited to chemists. The work was taken over by a team of chemists and mold
specialists, but was cut short when several of them died or relocated. It
took World War II to revitalize interest in penicillin, and Howard Florey
and Ernst Chain picked up the work. Penicillin was purified, extracted and
brought for human protection by Flory and Chain. However, in recognition
for initiative and preliminary contribution, Alexander Fleming was
knighted (Honoured as an aristocrat or an noble man) in 1944, and
with Florey and Chain he was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in 1945. Today
all over the world "Penicillin" is linked with Fleming and not with
either Flory or Chain. Is it not a
lucky and unanticipated
Penicillin (sometimes abbreviated PCN) refers to a group of beta-lactam
antibiotics (milk looking broad spectrum bacteria killers). It is used in
the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually
Gram-positive (thick walled
and having teichoic acids) organisms. The name penicillin can also be
used in reference to a specific member of the penicillin group Penam (3
Carbon and 1 Nitrogen atom) Skeleton. It has the molecular formula
R is a variable side chain molecules attached to the core structure
of the antibiotic. This which could be a
gram positive bacteria.
Once the C9H11N2O4S molecule
is attached, the bacterial functions are terminated. It is identified as a
waste material and expelled out through the blood stream.
a) http://almaz.com/ - Alexander Fleming (1945) - His younger
life and how he got involved in medicine
c) Author's Book collections / Hand notes.
infamous volcano of Mt. Pelée, looms over the village of St. Pierre
on the French Caribbean Island of Martinique. St. Pierre, which was a
vibrant colonial city, known to European tourists as the "Paris of the
West Indies." With its red-tiled cottages, rambling streets, and tropical
vegetation, this prosperous little city was renowned for its beauty. In
the official 1894 census, the population of St. Pierre was around 20,000.
Although most were native Martiniquans, the wealth and political power
were controlled largely by Creoles (Latin Americans) and a few French
colonial officials and civil servants. No one at the time could have
predicted the horror that was to descend on this tropical paradise with
the reawakening of the volcano Mt. Pelée, in the Spring of 1902.
in January 1902 Mt. Pelée began to show an abrupt increase in the volcanic
activity the public showed little concern. This changed, however,
on April 23 when minor explosions began at the summit of the volcano. Over
the next few days, St. Pierre was rocked by earth tremors, showered with
ash, and enveloped a thick cloud of choking sulfurous gas. These
nightmarish conditions deteriorated further when the city and outlying
villages were invaded by ground-dwelling insects and snakes driven from
the slopes of Mt. Pelée due to the ash falls and tremors. Horses,
pigs, and dogs screamed, as the red ants and foot-long centipedes crawled
up their legs and bit them. Thousands of poisonous snakes joined the fray.
An estimated 50 humans, mostly children, died by the snake bites, along
with some 200 animals. As the summit eruptions intensified, water in the
Etang Sec crater lake was heated to near boiling. On 1902 May 5,
the crater rim gave way, sending a torrent of scalding water cascading
down the River Blanche. The hot water mixed with loose pyroclastic (rock+ash)
debris generated a massive lahar (mud flow) through a down
slope at the speed of nearly 100 kilometers per hour. This large volcanic
mudflow buried everything in its path. Near the mouth of the river, north
of St. Pierre, it overran a rum distillery, killing 23 workmen. The lahar
(mud flow) continued into the sea, where it generated a
three-meter-high tsunami waves, which flooded the low-lying areas along
the waterfront of St. Pierre.
of the lucky survivor in
St. Pierre became a minor celebrity. He was a husky (Muscular &
heavy built) 25-year-old roustabout (ship labour) named Louis-Auguste
Cyparis, locally known simply as "Samson". In early April 1902, Samson was
jailed for wounding one of his friends with a cutlass (Sailors sword).
Towards the end of his sentence, he escaped from a labouring job in the
prison, danced all night, and then surrendered to the police authorities
the following morning. For this, he was sentenced to solitary confinement
for a week in the prison's dungeon (under ground rock cave cell), very
close to the St. Pierre volcanic eruption
. On May 8, 1902 he was alone in his dungeon with only a small grated
(hole covered with a thick wire gauze) opening cut into the wall above the
door, for breathing air flow. While waiting for his breakfast, his cell
became dark and he was overcome by intense and strong current of hot air
mixed with ash and sulfurous gas,
entering through the grated opening. He held his breathe while
experiencing intense pain. By his
luck, after a few moments, the heat subsided. He was severally
burned, but managed to survive for four days without water,
food and breathing sulfurous air. On 12th of May 1902, he was
rescued by the people exploring the ruins of St. Pierre. After he
recovered, he received a
pardon and eventually joined the Barnum & Bailey Circus (US). With the
circus camps, he toured the world, advertised as the "Lone Survivor of St.
Pierre" and joined the list celebrity (famous persons). This added
luck to the circus
revenue by attracting a large crowd to see the "Survivor Samson". This is
a typical Ignorance luck.
Source - Personal visit of the
Even though the luck looks
externally very attractive, the after effects of luck are non
digestible. It creates a large group of envious people behind the winner
of a luck, and progressively diminishes the quantum of happiness
(See Note under 2 above). It is always a better choice to aim to be
Happy than Lucky. Happiness is relative and achievable by the
synchronised thought waves within each individual.
The fulfillment of one's
Desire leads towards a status of Happiness. It is a relative feeling with
reference to the level of objectives to attain in the individual's mind.
One should aim to acquire the relatively important and bigger goals like
the Family, Children, Good health, Education, Friendship etc.. Then aim
for relatively smaller and next priorities in life like a house, car etc..
Then one should go to acquire still smaller priorities of luxury items.
This is a rule of relative Desire and Acquisition of items, leading
towards a properly synchronised Happiness. If one goes in the reverse
desires, then there will be no room to fill the needs of more important
and high priority items.
Happiness is promoted by one's philosophical
MORAL : The secret of happiness
lies in "Enjoying with what we have, than not worrying about what we do
not have & what others have".
49. PAIRED SEARCH FOR HAPPINESS
I learned many
thoughts of wisdom, and sharpened my philosophical
approaches to life for a happy living, from the
writings of Oliver Goldsmith. His book Citizen of the world
was the main English text book for my degree program in the
University of Madras, India. That inducted me to search,
read and gain more know-how on a wholesome living, from his many
thought provoking contributions to the world of literature.
He indoctrinates many mind boggling ideas and concepts
through his jovial and professional exposition skill.
Oliver Goldsmith (November 10,
1730 April 4, 1774) was an Irish writer and physician known
for his novel TheVicar of Wakefield (1766), his pastoral poem
The Deserted Village (1770) (written in memory of his
brother), and his plays The Good-natur'd Man (1768) and She
Stoops to Conquer (1771). In "The Deserted Village" Goldsmith
used real life images pertaining to the land in his poem, in
order to give his readers a full sense of what it is was like to
live in the countryside during a transit towards modernisation.
He tries to re-populate the countryside by using appealing
imagery and portraits of its former inhabitants and intensify
the liveliness it used to have. By using imagery, Goldsmith was
better and able to give his readers a sense at what modernisation
did to the countryside and how it destroyed the land, the former
inhabitants, who worked hard to maintain themselves, with true
and sincere minds. His book The Citizen of the world was
compiled from his serial papers The Chinese letters, exposing
the vanity and behaviour patterns of the Aristocrats in the
English world. It is an amusing piece to be read and.. re-read
!! The following are some of his amusing and sensible
quotations from all his assorted publications.
A man who leaves home
to mend himself with others is a philosopher; but he who goes
from country to country, guided by the blind impulse of
curiosity, is a vagabond.
As boys should be
educated with temperance, so the first greatest lesson that
should be taught them is to admire frugality. It is by the
exercise of this virtue alone they can ever expect to be an
useful members of society.
ten millions of circles can never make a square, so the united
voice of myriads cannot lend the smallest foundation to
bestow no spicy fragrance while they grow; but crush'd or
trodden to the ground, diffuse their balmy sweets around.
Every absurdity has a champion to defend it, for error is
Fear guides more to
their duty than gratitude; for one man who is virtuous from
the love of virtue, from the obligation he thinks he lies
under to the Giver of all, there are ten thousand who are good
only from their apprehension of punishment.
Friendship is a
disinterested commerce between equals; love, an abject
intercourse between tyrants and slaves.
Hope is such a
bait, it covers any hook.
a polite age almost every person becomes a reader, and
receives more instruction from the Press than the Pulpit
Like the bee, we
should make our industry our amusement.
resides in a breast that is not enriched with nobler virtues.
Our greatest glory
consists not in never failing, but in rising every time we
improve when they have no other model but themselves to copy.
Surely the best way
to meet the enemy is head on in the field, and not wait till
they plunder our very homes.
The rich in general were placed in the lowest seats, and the
poor rose above them in degrees proportioned to their poverty
(on the seating arrangements in a theatre).
The man recover'd of the bite, The dog it was that died.
To make a fine
gentleman, several trades are required, but chiefly a barber.
Because a gentleman keeps his vanity, virtues and wisdom out
side his head than inside.
accumulates, men decay.
You can preach a
better sermon with your life than with your lips.
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